A pediatrician is physician (medical doctor) that
specializes in pediatrics, a medical specialty that deals
with the study of the health, diseases, disabilities, and
treatments of children during development, from birth
through adolescence (a period of life ranging from
puberty to adulthood). Puberty is the period of life
(usually between ages 11 and 13) in which the ability to
reproduce begins. Pediatricians usually see patients up
to age 18 and sometimes up to age 20.
Pediatricians often administer vaccines to their young patients, which are substances
that help prevent against certain infections.
Any pediatrician can apply to the American Board of Pediatrics, to become board
certified. The pediatrician who is board certified has been agreed upon by a board
(group) of peers (other pediatricians) to meet the rigorous standards necessary to
practice family medicine, and has achieved the highest level of education possible in
this field. Dr. Abraham Jacobi (1830-1919) is known as the founder of modern
pediatrics due to his many contributions to the field although the ancient Greek
physician, (460-370 BC) devoted a great part of his treatise to children. Hippocrates,
Pediatrician (sometimes written as paediatrician) comes from the Greek word "pais"
meaning "child" and the Greek word "iatreia" meaning "medical specialty." Put the two
words together and you have "medical specialty (of) children."