A practice analysis is a study of work. The goal of a practice
analysis is to collect information about the activities or tasks
that people perform at their job, the competence or skills
necessary for staff to do their work, and critical incidents that
may occur in the workplace. A practice analysis is performed by
professional associations or human resource firms. Someone
who performs a practice analysis is known as a practice
analyst. A practice analysis focuses on careers, professional
workers, and on work requiring professional judgment. By
contrast, a job analysis focuses on jobs, semi-skilled workers,
and mechanical, sequential work steps. Types of professions
that conduct practice analyses include nursing, pharmacy,
engineering, engineering, accounting, and architecture.
Thus, practice analyses are sometimes used in medical settings. Information from a
practice analysis is used for many purposes such as developing performance evaluation
standards, writing job descriptions, designing educational and training manuals, and
developing or verifying professional and licensing examinations.
A practice analysis is often a massive research project that requires enormous amounts
of data collection, organization, and analysis. In the end, the data are summarized and
reported to the place that hired the practice analysts, such as hospitals, pharmacies, and
other health care settings.