Abenteric means away from the intestine. The intestine is
a tube shaped structure that is part of the digestive tract.
Food passes through the intestine and digestion takes
place. Digestion is a process in which food is broken
down and is absorbed (along with water) into the
bloodstream. Abenteric can be used to refer to body parts
or organs other than the intestines. However, the term is
usually used to describe a disease process that is
occurring somewhere besides the intestine, when it
normally would occur in the intestine. An example would
be abenteric typhoid. Typhoid is a bacterial disease that
typically affects the intestines. However, it can affect the
lungs in some case with no signs of intestinal damage.
Another example is abenteric coccidia, which is a type of parasite infection. A parasite is
any organism that lives in or on another living being, gains an advantage by doing so, but
causes disadvantage to the being it is living on. In abenteric coccidia, the liver, spleen,
and lymph nodes are affected. The spleen is an organ near the stomach that helps fight
infection and removes and destroys worn-out red blood cells. Lymph nodes are small egg
shaped structures in the body that help fight against infection. The term, abenteric, is
rarely used much in the field of medicine any longer, and is nearly obsolete. Abenteric
comes the Latin word "ab" meaning "from," and the Greek word "enteron" meaning
"intestine." Put the words together and you get "from intestine."