Arthropathology is the study of the structural and
functional changes caused by joint disease
(arthropathy). A joint is a place where two bones
contact each other. Joints commonly take on a
deformed (e.g., twisted and gnarled) appearance due to
joint disease, as is commonly seen in arthritis (joint
inflammation). Pain in the joints (known as arthralgia) is
one symptom of joint disease that limits joint
functioning. Joint pathology is also known to occur over
time from wear and tear activities (e.g., running,
repetitive manual labor). When the joints degenerate in
this manner, it is known as degenerative joint disease.
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Besides deformities, aches, and pains (upon touching or moving the joint), other signs
and symptoms of arthropathology includes swelling, decreased range of motion,
crepitation (a creaking crackling sound with movement),  joint clicking/popping, joint
stiffness, and  joint warmth. There are numerous treatments of arthropathology including
rest, exercise, medications, application of cold and/or hot comprersses, electrical
stimulation, and surgery. To learn more about the science of joints, see the entry on

Arthropathology comes from the Greek word "arthron" meaning "joint," the Greek word
"pathos" meaning "suffering," and the Greek word "logos" meaning "study." Put the words
together and you get "study (of) joint suffering."
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