Arthropathy means any disease of the joints. A joint is a
place where two bones contact each other. The main
form of joint disease is arthritis, which is joint
inflammation. There are different forms of arthritis such
as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Rheumatoid
arthritis is another example of an immune disorder in
which the body's defense system attacks its own
tissues, causing inflammation of bone joints.
Osteoarthritis is a disease of the joints that is made
worse by physical stress (e.g., aging and wear and
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Another form of arthropathy is crystal arthropathy, in which crystals are deposited in the
joint, causing symptoms such as joint pain (e.g., arthralgia). In diabetic arthropathy, joint
disease is caused by the effects of diabetes mellitus. In diabetes mellitus, the body is not
able to effectively use a natural chemical called insulin, which quickly absorbs glucose (a
type of sugar) from the blood into cells for their energy needs and into the fat and liver
cells for storage. Enteropathic arthropathy is joint disease caused by colitis and related
conditions. Colitis is a condition in which there is inflammation of the colon (part of the
large intestine). In neuropathic arthropathy, joint disease is associated with a loss of
sensation. In reactive arthropathy, joint disease is caused by an infection in another part
of the body. Lastly, spodylarthopathy is joint disease of the vertebral column (bones that
surround the spine). the study of the structural and functional changes caused by joint
disease is known as arthropathology. Arthropathy comes from the Greek word "arthron"
meaning "joint," and the Greek word "pathos" meaning "suffering." Put the words together
and you get "joint suffering."
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